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Brasil is the largest and most popular country in South America.It is located in eastern South America and borders the Atlantic Ocean and ten other countries in South America.

Following more than three centuries under Portuguese rule, Brasil gained its independence in 1822, maintaining a monarchical system of government until the abolition of slavery in 1888 and the subsequent proclamation of a republic by the military in 1889.

Brasil underwent more than a half century of populist and military government until 1985, when the military regime peacefully ceded power to civilian rulers. Brasil continues to pursue industrial and agricultural growth and development of its interior.

Exploiting vast natural resources and a large labor pool, it is today South America’s leading economic power and a regional leader, one of the first in the area to begin an economic recovery. Highly unequal income distribution and crime remain pressing problems.

Area: 8,514,877 sq km

Capital: Brasília

Language: Portuguese

Religion: There is no official religion, but approximately 74% of the population are Roman Catholics. A number of diverse evangelical cults are also represented, as are animist beliefs (particularly the Afro-Brazilian religion of candomblé).

Exports: coffee, transport equipment, iron ore, soybeans, footwear, autos

Climate: Mostly tropical, but temperate in the south.